Chad – France

Timeframe: TBC
Contributors: States

Who are involved:

MFA, MoI (Direction Générale des étrangers en France), Office Français de Protection des Réfugiés et Apatrides (OFPRA) or the French Office for the Protection of Refugees and Stateless People, Cour Nationale du Droit d’Asile (CNDA) or Council of State and National Court of Asylum |Chad’s Commission Nationale d’Eligibilité (CNE) or the National Eligibility Commission

France's GRF Asylum Offer:

1.Commitment to a multi-stakeholder partnership to strengthen the asylum capacities of the requesting States: support States engaged in the development of asylum law;

2. OFPRA could usefully share its expertise and best practices in the following areas:

– Expertise in the assessment of asylum applications and the exercise of protection: maintenance techniques, consideration of vulnerabilities, drafting of administrative decisions on asylum, country assessments, reconstitution of civil status documents, etc.

– Establishment management: training of agents in charge of eligibility for protection, ethics/integrity, quality control, statistical monitoring, etc.

– Organisational aspects: digitalization of procedures, data protection, etc. 

3. Cour Nationale du Droit d’Asile (CNDA) could assist in developing the skills of judges and officials in charge of the application and implementation of refugee and asylum law.

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Chad's GRF Asylum Commitment:

Adopt the asylum law and transpose the Kampala Convention into national law; The Republic of Chad is a signatory to the 1951 Geneva Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and the 1969 OAU Convention Relating to the Specific Aspects of Refugees in Africa. However, Chad does not yet have an internal asylum law, although it hosts nearly half a million refugees and asylum seekers on its soil. In November 2019, the draft law was adopted by the Government and is awaiting adoption by the Parliament. In addition, Chad currently has around 170,000 internally displaced people living in precarious conditions, especially in the Lac province. To facilitate the coordination of the actions of the various actors, it is necessary that the Kampala Convention of 2009 relating to internally displaced persons be transposed into national legislation. Thus, the draft national law providing protection and assistance to internally displaced persons in the Republic of Chad is being finalized and awaits adoption by the Council of Ministers.

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Summary of Support

The Government of France through the coordination of the Office for the Protection of Refugees and Stateless Persons (OFPRA) has indicated that it is interested to discuss support for Chad’s National Eligibility Commission (CNE) to strengthen its asylum system and pursue asylum capacity strengthening efforts.

Subject to agreement between the two countries, the support will be based on identified needs and previous capacity assessments in this area and focused on the implementation of the new law on asylum in Chad, which has yet to come into force.

With the adoption of the law, on 23 December 2020, Chad became one of the first countries in the region to fulfil its pledge made during the 2019 Global Refugee Forum.

The precise activities of the Chad/France partnership, when finalized, will be available on this page. UNHCR will support the partnership with a temporary deployment in N’Djamena, travel regulations permitting.